Understanding Micronutrients ./ - EPOC

Understanding Micronutrients .
Understanding Micronutrients .

Published on 17 Jan 2020

Micronutrients are nutrients that a person needs in small doses. Micronutrients consist of vitamins and minerals. Although the body only needs small amounts of them, a deficiency can cause ill health.

Vitamins are micronutrients that plays a important role, like:

-boosting the immune system
-strengthening teeth and bones
-aiding calcium absorption
-maintaining healthy skin
-helping the body metabolize proteins and carbs
-supporting healthy blood
-aiding brain and nervous system functioning

There are 13 essential vitamins that are divided into 2 categories fat soluble and water soluble.

Fat soluble vitamins are:

-vitamin A
-vitamin D
-vitamin E
-vitamin K

Water soluble vitamins are:

-vitamin B-1 (thiamine)
-vitamin B-12 (cyanocobalamin)
-vitamin B-6
-vitamin B-2 (riboflavin)
-vitamin B-5 (pantothenic acid)
-vitamin B-3 (niacin)
-vitamin B-9 (folate, folic acid)
-vitamin B-7 (biotin)
-vitamin C

Minerals are the second type of micronutrients. There are two groups of minerals: major and trace minerals. The body needs a balance of minerals from both groups for optimal health.

Major minerals are:

-magnesium
-calcium
-phosphorus
-sulfur
-sodium
-potassium
-chloride
Major minerals help the body to do the following:

-balance water levels
-maintain healthy skin, hair, and nails
-improve bone health

Trace minerals are:

-iron
-selenium
-zinc
-manganese
-chromium
-copper
-iodine
-fluoride
-molybdenum

Trace minerals help with:

-strengthening bones
-preventing tooth decay
-aiding in blood clotting
-helping to carry oxygen
-supporting the immune system
-supporting healthy blood pressure

A person can ensure they consume enough minerals by including the following foods in their diet.

-red meats (limit their use and choose lean cuts)
-seafood
-iodized table salt (less than 2,300 milligrams a day)
-milk and other dairy products
-nuts and seeds
-vegetables
-leafy greens
-fruits
-poultry
-fortified bread and cereals
-egg yolks
-whole grains
-beans and legumes


General Well being micronutrients minerals multivitaminepoc epoc.fitness

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