What are Carbohydrates/ - EPOC

What are Carbohydrates
What are Carbohydrates

Published on 25 Dec 2019

-Carbohydrates are the primary source of energy of the body.

-Most of the food we consume has carbohydrates in it.

-The final product of Carbohydrate is glucose, which act as a fuel for body.

-One of the primary functions of carbohydrates is to provide your body with energy.

-Carbohydrates in the foods are digested and then broken down into glucose(final product of carbohydrates)before entering the bloodstream.

-Your body’s cells take up these glucose molecules from the blood stream to produce a fuel molecule called adenosine triphosphate (ATP) through process called cellular respiration. These ATP molecules can then be used by your body to carry out metabolic processes.

-Cells in the body can produce ATP from several sources,including dietary carbohydrates and fats. But if you are consuming a diet with a mix of these nutrients, most of your body’s cells will prefer to use carbs as their primary energy source.

-This stored form of glucose is called glycogen and is primarily found in the liver and muscle.

The liver contains approximately 100 grams of glycogen. These stored glucose molecules can be released into the blood to provide energy throughout the body and help maintain normal blood sugar levels between meals.

Unlike liver glycogen, the glycogen in your muscles can only be used by muscle cells. It is vital for use during long periods of high-intensity exercise. Muscle glycogen content varies from person to person, but it’s approximately 500 grams.

In circumstances in which you have all of the glucose your body needs and your glycogen stores are full, your body can convert excess carbohydrates into triglyceride molecules and store them as fat.

SUMMARY:
Your body can transform extra carbohydrates into stored energy in the form of glycogen. Several hundred grams can be stored in your liver and muscles.
Carbohydrates Help Preserve Muscle
Glycogen storage is just one of several ways your body makes sure it has enough glucose for all of its functions.


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